It's that time of year again: outside temperatures have dropped, winter is around the corner.…
Infrared heaters differ from other types of heating devices in their stylish appearance, energy saving and economy. It can be installed on the floor or mounted on a wall or ceiling. But how do infrared heaters work and how does a room heat up?
Heat in an ecological way
Infrared space heating is the most environmentally friendly and natural heating method, similar in action to the heat of the sun. This heats the objects and not the room air. All other heating methods work by convection heating of the air masses. Convection occurs due to the movement of air masses, when heated air rises, and cold (yet unheated) air descends to the heating device, also receiving heat from it, and then rises again. This is how the air masses circulate in the room.
In everyday life, a comfortable air temperature is usually only needed in the middle and lower parts of the room. An infrared panel does not heat up its surroundings. This device transmits heat directly to objects and surfaces such as floors and furniture. Heat is transferred indirectly from heated objects to the air. The heating of the area starts from the bottom, immediately providing a comfortable temperature where the inhabitants are most active and present.
Save on your bill
The principle of infrared heating is that heat is transferred in waves from the device to cooler things and surfaces directly, without heat loss in the empty space. This is a direct heat transfer path. Much depends on the characteristics of different things to absorb heat and ensure its further transmission. Most of the materials used in the interior have a high capacity to absorb heat and radiate it back into the environment, thus becoming a heat source.
An infrared heater distributes heat to objects, which then transfer the heat. Thus, the air is heated by the convective energy of these heated objects. This allows the user of an infrared heater to use less energy and feel the heat faster than other heating methods such as oil and convection heaters. Therefore, the device works only when it is needed and uses the consumed electricity with 100% efficiency.
Infrared heating technology ensures maximum energy efficiency – 100%, with no heat loss. There are shortwave and longwave IR panels. Shortwave is used in large businesses. They are characterized by heating above 300 ºС. In everyday life, for homes and offices, infrared panels that emit long waves are more common. Such waves are “softer”, providing a comfortable temperature in living rooms with benefits for health and well-being.
5 advantages of infrared lamps
- Energy saving
The low power consumption is due to several reasons. Firstly, there is no energy loss for heating the air. Secondly, IR radiation reduces the overall temperature of the space by 3-5 ºС, saving up to 25% energy. That is, the air temperature is felt on average 5 degrees higher than indicated by the thermometer. This is the effect of heating objects and people in the room.
- Does not dry the air
Infrared panels allow you to maintain the natural level of humidity in the room. This is provided by gentle heating which warms the objects, not the air.
- Does not raise dust, as there is no convection
This is important for allergy sufferers, because the dust usually contains elements of allergens. When they actively move in the air, enter the respiratory tract when inhaled and affect a person’s well-being.
- Absence of noise
Quiet operation allows you to install infrared panels in the bedroom for a comfortable sleep.
- Positive impact on a person’s well-being
The heat generated by infrared heaters is believed to help people suffering from joint diseases. It warms the human body well, as a result of which inflammation and pain decrease and disappear. When infrared rays hit the skin, its receptors are stimulated. The hypothalamus reacts to this, the smooth muscles of the vessels relax, as a result of which they expand.
Ways of installation
Infrared heating panels are best installed in such a way that the flow of infrared waves does not encounter obstacles in its path. The best place for installation will be one that has no furniture or decorative elements nearby. As a rule, installing the panel is not difficult and does not require special skills. At Phormalab we have 3 different types of installation of infrared panels:
– floor stand: This is a classic way to install an infrared heater, the simplest and does not require additional installation.
– wall mounted: They are usually installed in the center of the wall. At the same time, they can be used not only in dry living rooms, but also in commercial premises such as restaurants and hotels, even with high humidity. IR panels are not afraid of high humidity, they can even be placed on open terraces, etc.
– On the ceiling: Mounted on a false ceiling system. This ensures the unhindered movement of infrared radiation streams and uniform heat distribution.